Till 1965 India’s borders with Pakistan were manned by the State Armed Police Battalion.
Pakistan attacked Sardar Post, Chhar Bet and Beria Bet on 9 April, 1965 in Kutch.
This exposed the inadequacy of the State Armed Police to cope with armed aggression
due to which the Government of India felt the need for a specialized centrally controlled
Border Security Force, which would be armed and trained to man the International
Border with Pakistan. As a result of the recommendations of the Committee of Secretaries,
the Border Security Force came into existence on 01 Dec 1965, and Shri K F Rustamji
was the first chief and founding father.
ROLE OF THE BSF:
SECURITY OF BORDER OF India and matters connected therewith.
TASKS OF THE BSF:
The tasks of the BSF are divided as follows:
- Peace time:
- Promote a sense of security among the people living in the border areas.
- Prevent trans border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from the territory
- Prevent smuggling and any other illegal activity.
In the last few years the BSF has, in addition to their duties, been deployed for
counter insurgency and internal security duties
- War Time:
- Holding ground in less threatened sectors so long as the main attack does not
develop in a particular sector and it is felt that the local situation is within
the capability of BSF to deal with. The BSF units can continue to remain
deployed in particular sector even in a war situation to release the Army for offensive
tasks. In the even of a major attack developing, which is not within the capacity
of the BSF to deal with, the Army can be expected either to reinforce the BSF with
Artillery or other support, or relieve the BSF from its role in the particular sector.
- Protection of vital installations particular air-fields against enemy
commandoes/para troopers or raids. The role can be entrusted to the BSF
Units which are placed under the Army's operational Control.
- Providing extension to the flanks of main defence line by the holding
of strong points in conjunction with other units.
Limited Aggressive action against para military or irregular forces of the enemy
within the overall plan of the Armed Forces
These are tasks which might be entrusted to BSF Units by the Army in a war situation
according to local necessity. It would, however, be expected that the state
of training and equipment of the particular BSF Units would be kept in view in assessing
their adequacy for the tasks.
Performing special tasks connected with intelligence including raids
This is a task which the BSF should be able to perform.
Acting as guides in an area of responsibility where routes are known
. Normally, ordinary civil police force would be utilised
for this task but the BSF could be used to supplement the civil police or to act
in lieu thereof in a situation where civil police is not readily available.
Maintenance of law and order in enemy territory administrated under the control
- Guarding of prisoners of war cages
ssistance in control of refugees. It is the intention
to utilise civil police force and armed Home Guards etc. for these tasks but again
depending upon local exigencies, the BSF might be entrusted with these tasks.
. This is an important
responsibility which will have to be performed by security forces. The exact
responsibility of the BSF in this matter is still under consideration and separate
instructions are expected to be issued.
Anti - infiltration duties in specified area
The BSF, in its 48 years of existence, has emerged as an elite force of the country
having excelled with distinction in the 1971 war with Pakistan. Its ethos is “Any
task, any time, any where” and the BSF has given blood and sweat to execute its
motto “Duty Unto Death”.
BORDER FENCING /FLOOD LIGHTING/ROADS
The concept of border fencing, flood lighting and construction of roads has been
introduced with the aim to stop infiltration/infiltration on the Western and Eastern
The BSF contributes every year a number of personnel for services for UN Mission.
During the Kargil conflict in May-July 1999, the BSF remained on the heights of
the mountains and defended the integrity of the country with all the might at its
command in unison with the Army.
BSF personnel have been performing Internal Security Duty in Manipur for the last
two years and have been successfully fighting insurgency in those areas.
During the earthquake in Gujarat on 26th January 2001, the BSF was the first to
reach out to help the distressed people.
During the communal disturbances in Gujarat recently, BSF personnel went all out
to restore amity and brotherhood among the people.
The BSF took over the erection of the border fencing in Jammu & Kashmir and it was
successful in its task despite all attempts of Pakistan to scuttle our efforts.
The BSF has been defending the borders along with the army and checking infiltration
on the borders during the current standoff with Pakistan.